What is the National Animal of Peru?

national animal peru

The vicuña is a native of the Andes mountains in South America, and is the national animal of Peru. It is a member of the camelid family, which also includes llamas, alpacas, and camels. Vicuñas are the smallest members of the camelid family, and also the most endangered.

There are only about 10,000 vicuñas in the wild, and they are heavily hunted for their valuable fur. The Vicuna is a camelid that lives in the high Andes mountains.

Scientific Classification

Class: Mammalia
Species: L. vicugna
Family: Camelidae
Genus: Lama

Vicuna Physical Description

The Vicuna is the official and national animal of Peru.  The vicuna is also found in South America, specifically the Andes Mountains. The vicuna is closely related to the llama, but it has a longer neck and legs, a smaller head, and a lighter build. It also has wool that is longer than that of other camelids.

Vicunas are known for their long, silky hair. They have a short, dense coat of hair that covers their bodies. The color of this coat ranges from white to black, depending on the season and age of the animal. They have very long, pointed ears with thin tufts of hair at the ends. Their legs are long and thin, with cloven hooves like those of other ungulates.

Facts about Vicuna

  • It is native to Ecuador as well as the official and native animal of Peru.
  • Vicuna is a goat-like animal that lives in the Andes mountains.
  • They eat only grass, and they live off of that alone.
  • Their lifespan is around 15 years, which is pretty short for a mammal.
  • They can reach speeds up to 50 miles per hour!
  • The fur of a vicuna is so soft that it can be used to make clothing and blankets!
  •  The vicuna lives in the high mountains of South America. It likes cold weather!

Why is Vicuna the national animal of Peru?

Vicunas are one of the smallest and rarest camelids in the world. They are known for their long, soft white wool and their distinctive black and white markings. The name “vicuna” comes from a Quechuan word meaning “wool” The animal was once hunted for its wool, but today it is protected by law in Peru and Bolivia.

Vicuna is considered the national animal of Peru because it is a symbol of strength and perseverance. Vicuna are hardy animals that can survive in harsh conditions, and they are able to thrive in a variety of environments from high altitudes to lowlands. They also have an amazing ability to adapt their behavior in order to survive in these environments.