What is the National Bird of Brazil?

national bird brazil

Rufous bellied Thrush – brazil national bird

The national bird of Brazil is rufous-bellied thrush which is found in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil. It is a medium-sized passerine bird and belongs to the family Turdidae.

The bird is also known as the Brazilian Thrush, or the Common Red Bird. The Rufous-bellied Thrush can be found in Central America, South America, and North America. Its habitat includes forests, grasslands, and shrub land areas.

Physical Description

It is a medium-sized bird with a length of about 13 cm. It has a black head and breast with a white throat, brown back and wings and greyish-brown tail. The underparts are white or buff with dark streaks and spots on the breast while the bill is greyish-black in colour with a pink base to the lower mandible. The rufous-bellied thrush has long legs, long toes, a long tail and strong feet capable of grasping branches.


The Rufous-bellied Thrush is also known as the Brazilian Thrushes. The Rufous-bellied Thrush (Turdus rufiventris) is a species of bird in the Turdidae family. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. It inhabits open woodland, savanna and forest edges.

Facts of Rufous-bellied Thrush

  • The Rufous-bellied Thrush is also found in north America, Peru & Alaska.
  • The male Rufous-bellied Thrush has a longer bill than its female counterpart while both sexes have similar plumage with only slight variations in their colours based on age or sex. The male is slightly larger than its female counterpart too!
  • The Rufous-bellied Thrush is a medium-sized bird with a length of 14–16 inches (36–41 cm) and a weight of 130 grams (4.6 oz).
  • They are found in forested areas at altitudes between 800 and 3000 m
  • The female lays three to four eggs in a nest built by both parents high up in a tree
  • The male sings in flight during the breeding season and his song can be heard up to 4 km away!
  • The lifespan of this bird is about 10 years, but it can sometimes reach up to 15 years.
  • The Rufous-bellied Thrush feeds on insects such as grasshoppers, moths and beetles as well as berries such as mistletoe berries and juniper

Why is Rufous-bellied Thrush is the national bird of Brazil?

Following are the main reasons to considered it as the native bird of brazil which are:

  1. It is an endemic species.
  2. The Rufous-bellied Thrush is a resident species, which means that it stays in one place all year round.
  3. It has no natural predators in Brazil.
  4. The Rufous-bellied Thrush is well adapted to its environment and it does not have any natural predators in Brazil.
  5. This is one of many species that have been proposed as representatives of Brazil’s rich biodiversity.
  6. The bird has been used for many years as a symbol for bravery and courage because it is fearless when faced with danger.
  7. People in brazil love to rufous-bellied thrush unconditionally and keep them in their homes.