The national bird of Iran is Common Nightingale which is found in the country. It’s scientific name is Luscinia megarhynchos. It is a migratory bird which is found in Europe and Asia. It is also called as ondonta sangala or as Heliolais polyglotta in Latin.
It has emerald green eyes, brown tail and grey body. Its voice can be heard at night and its song can be heard for about ten seconds.
Iran’s climate and geography fit well with the habitat of the nightingale. Therefore, the bird has been living in Iran for centuries.
The Iran’s national bird (Nightingale) is found in wooded areas near streams and ponds. It has a black head and upper breast, a white lower breast, grey back, and wings with black bars. The tail is brown with white spots. Immature birds lack the black on the head, neck and upper breast. The male’s song consists of fluted whistles, which changes pitch at different times. This song can be heard during dawn and evening, but especially at night. It is primarily found in woodland habitats like the Zagros Mountains. The bird lives up to five years in the wild.
Fun facts about Common Nightingale
- The Common Nightingale is one of the most famous songbirds in Iran and all over the world. It sings with an incredibly beautiful song during spring and summer months.
- The Common Nightingale prefers open woodlands with plenty of undergrowth, such as willow scrub or bushes near streams or ponds, where it can hide easily from predators while hunting for small animals such as insects or worms to eat.
- The Common Nightingale is one of only 4 species of nightingale that are currently found in Britain; the other 3 being the Wood Warbler, Cetti’s Warbler and Garden Warbler.
- The Common Nightingale’s scientific name comes from Ancient Greek words ‘lusco’ meaning dark-coloured and ‘mene’ meaning moon – which refers to its glossy black plumage when singing at night time!
- There are 8 different subspecies of Common
- Common nightingales are a species of bird that live in the Northern Hemisphere.
- They have a diet of insects, spiders, and worms.
- They weigh between 16 and 20 grams (0.56 – 0.71 ounces)
- They can reach speeds of up to 40 kilometers per hour (25 miles per hour).
- The lifespan is between 5 and 8 years old.
Why is common nightingale the national bird of Iran?
The national bird of Iran is Common Nightingale because it is liked by many people in Iran like the Iran native flower. It is a small passerine bird, and the only member of its genus. It was formerly known as “European Nightingale”, but since then has been found to occur in other parts of Asia as well, primarily in the Indian subcontinent.
Nightingale is the symbol of love and peace, as it is considered to be a messenger of peace in Iran.
The bird lives in every region of Iran, including mountainous areas and deserts, so it has been chosen as a national symbol for its widespread presence across the country.
Common nightingale has been chosen as the national bird because there are many legends and tales about this bird in Iranian culture, literature and folklore