What is The National Flower of India?

national flower of india
Lotus Flower

The National Flower of India is Lotus. It is the most popular flower of India which belongs to the Nelumbonaceae family, the genus of Nelumbo. Its scientific name is Nelumbo nucifera also known as Indian Lotus, Kamal, Padma and Sacred Lotus. It comes under the Kingdom Plantae, Sub-kingdom Viridiplantae, Division of Tracheophyta, sub-division of Spermatophytina, Class Magnoliopsida, Order Proteales and Super-order of Proteanae.

How to grow the Indian lotus plant? In the early stages of growing one should Place the seeds into a glass of un-chlorinated, normally warm water. In second step those seeds which are floating should be removed from the place of seeding as they are non-fertile and will only cloud up the water.

Water should be changed on a daily basis during the shooting period. When it comes to eyesight that the flower roots appear, insert or shoot them in 4-inch jars filled with best fertile garden soil. Then proper arrangement should be made and one seed should be set in each vessel.

After that separation, each root should cover softly with soil or pebbles. Once the Indian national flower leaves appear in growing form and you have waited along then remove the covering material i.e. soil and gravel. Again at this stage the seed should be set in hot water up to 2 inches deep.

It is Native to Europe, South Eastern Asian countries, cultivated in Australia, America and Japan. Besides this the same flower also found in hundreds of ponds and surface waters in country Vietnam.

According to Tom statement which says: a kind of lotus i.e.  Red Lotus is a distinctive flower in respect of cultivation which stay for long period and also easy growing.

The plant growing main places/areas are northern, central and southern regions.

It often blooms in the summer season and environmentally changes. In the month of March it blooms in north and in the month of May it blooms in south.

The flowers tend to hold their structure and color for two months and start to wither in July.

10 Facts about Lotus Flower

  • Lotus is the most popular, native and beautiful flower of India country.
  • The plant has simple leaves means one per leaf stem.
  • It is mostly pink or white in color and the key focus of the plant.
  • This beautiful flower resembles in respect of flourish as the t shape of a tear-drop with a pointy tip and tightly packed petals.
  • Historically Lotus flowers had a connection with South Asia and also it have great importance in Buddhist and Hindu art, architecture and literature.
  • A famous Vietnamese song named “Doa hoa vo thuong” sung by the country women during taking the hot sips of lotus tea in the winter season. Vietnamese women says that they feel relax when drinking the hot lotus tea.
  • Some countries like in Egyptian mythology, the Lotus has been compared  with the sun, as the flower opens/blooms at day time and closed by night.
  • A recommendation in the research report says that this flower has the due ability in the regulation of temperature just as humans and other warm-blooded animals perform.
  • In some countries people believe that Indian Lotus has given birth to the sun.
  • In Vietnam the popular flower uses in the restaurant to decorate various dishes including a lotus stem coconut curry and a spicy lotus stem som tam.
  • The said flower uses and represents symbolically Buddhism and Hinduism for prosperity, wealth, purity, and fertility.
  • The Egyptians people take the lotus as a symbol of creation, fertility, and the cycle of birth and reawakening. A famous American Author and teacher Ted Andrews says that “The lotus is to the East, as the rose is to the West
  • To one side from its visual value, the whole flower is more economical and remedial value as well.
  • All parts of the lotus are consumable therefore their petals are often used for ornamental purposes like accessories. 
  • Indian believed it as Blessed/Sacred due to its nature. It implies purity and fairness from the Environment/surroundings.
  • It has the unique quality of purity and freshness which holds instead of touching.

Lotus Flower Meaning

The Indian national flower uses and represents symbolically Buddhism and Hinduism for wealth, prosperity, purity, and fertility and in some religion believed as sun birth.

The prehistoric Egyptians scholars observed that in the night-time the lotus closed its flowers and sank into the water, and came up with a different association with the flower related to rebirth and the Sun.

In actual fact the Lotus slowly emerges from a pond over a three days period and then blooms in the morning until mid-afternoon.

Why is the lotus the national flower of India?

Every country has unique emblems which range from anthem, uniform, tree, bird, animal and a flag alongside this country also has a national flower to represent its gardens, trade and forest habitation. All the national flowers signify certain principles that a nation stands for. Let’s know the national flower of India.

Since the early time, flowers have attracted us with their unique beauty and cool fragrances. But some of these exceptional ‘gifts of nature’ possess unbelievable characteristics that are unknown to many of us. State Flowers are a special design or visual object representing a quality.

It is also pertinent to mention that national flower of a country may represent and should relate with the history, culture and tradition of a nation. The motherland flowers support and strengthen the country image to the world and play a vital role in maintaining the true qualities of the nation.

The Sanskrit name of the lotus flower PADMA is used as herbal medicine and holds a holy status among the people and Indian culture.

In Indian mythology the national flower links the Indian’s identity and represents the core values of the Indian psyche.

It represents knowledge, wealth, spirituality, fruitfulness and brightness. The country popular flower also represents purity of heart and mind. Due to all the above-mentioned qualities, properties and facts the Lotus becomes the official Indian National Flower.