The National Flower of Netherlands is tulip also known as (Tulipa) it belongs to Liliaceae family and subfamily of Lilioideae i.e. part of the lily family. The tulip is a Eurasian and North African genus of perennial, plants in the family. It is a herbaceous herb with showy flowers, of which around 75 wild species are currently accepted Tulips only bloom for 3-7 days in the spring Most of the tulip farms found in a small part of Netherlands (Holland) because the weather in Holland is suited to tulip growing. Tulips are spring-blooming perennials that grow from bulbs. Depending on the species, tulip plants can be between 4 inches (10 cm) and 28 inches (71 cm) high.
The tulip’s large flowers usually bloom on scapes with leaves in a rosette at ground level and a single flowering stalk arising from amongst the leaves. Tulip stems have few leaves. Larger species tend to have multiple leaves. Plants typically have two to six leaves, some species up to 12. The flowers have six distinct, basified stamens with filaments shorter than the sepals. Each stigma has three distinct lobes, and the ovaries are superior, with three chambers. The tulip’s seed is a capsule with a leathery covering and an ellipsoid to globe shape. Each capsule contains numerous flat, disc-shaped seeds in two rows per chamber.
These light to dark brown seeds have very thin seed coats and endosperm that does not normally fill the entire seed.The tulip’s center of diversity is in the Pamir, Hindu Kush, and Tien Shan mountains. It is a common element of steppe and winter-rain Mediterranean vegetation. There are various tulip-producing regions in the Netherlands, but the most well-known of these is found between the town of Harleem in North Holland and Sassenheim in South Holland, therefore, it is also called the national flower of Holland.
10 things About Tulip: Netherlands national flower you should know
- Tulip is a native and the most popular flower of Netherlands country.
- one of the most accurate and beautiful signs of the arrival of Spring
- The Netherlands produce approximately nine billion flower bulbs annually. That incredible number of bulbs would allow for almost two flower bulbs for every person on the planet. Of those flowers, the tulip (in a variety of colors) remains the most popular and widely recognized bulb by gardeners worldwide.
- An Iranian coin having 22 tulips in margin and 3 in center
Spend any amount of time walking through the Dutch capital and you’ll see the tulip heralded a national hero
- Turkish Airlines uses a grey tulip emblem on its aircraft
- The Black Tulip is a historical romance by Alexandre . The story takes place in the Dutch
- city of Haarlem, where a reward is offered to the first grower who can produce a truly black tulip.
- Tulips became popular garden plants in east and west, but, whereas the tulip in Turkish culture was a symbol of paradise on earth and had almost a divine status, in the Netherlands it represented the briefness of life
- Tulips are divided into 15 distinct groups, Tulip petals are actually able to be eaten, during the Dutch famine of 1944 in WWII people often had to resort to eating sugar beets and tulip
- The most popular flower is the rose, the second most popular the chrysanthemum. The tulips are in third place in the row of most popular flowers
- On Valentine’s Day the tulip is the second most popular flower to send (after the roses). Tulips are the symbol for love, passion, perfect lovers and romance.
Why Tulip is the national flower of Netherlands
Since 1950 Netherlands has been at the center of the world flower trade and has a good and functional trade system to facilitate the movement of cut flowers, which form a majority of flowers which are traded. Being a land of flowers, both cultivated varieties, and wild flowers, in every spring, the county sights are decorated with the flowers like Daisies, Buttercups, Purple Heather, Keukenhof, and the Sunflowers. Best known among them are the Dutch Tulip and Flower Bulbs.Roses, Cut flowers, Tulips flowers and Sunflowers are very popular among the people of this country and most commonly; these flowers are used on festivals and occasions like Birthdays, Anniversaries, and Friendship day etc. Located in, Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany, the Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815.
The Netherlands has long been one of the richest countries in the world and GDP per capita was estimated to be the highest in the world in 1820, and the 2nd highest in Europe in 1900. Nowadays, it still enjoys the 4th highest nominal GDP per capita within the European Union. Tulips were imported from the Ottoman Empire and became very popular in Holland in the early 17th century. Nowadays, Netherlands is the first producer and exporter of Tulips in the World. Due all these facts Tulip is officially considered the national flower of Netherlands country.