National fruit of Afghanistan is Pomegranate which is produced in almost all the provinces of Afghanistan. Its scientific name is Punica granatum. This fruit is very large, red and has a sweet taste. The pomegranate is a fruit that can be eaten fresh or dried.
It can also be used as an ingredient in many dishes, including yogurt and salads. In addition, it has been used as a medicine for centuries to treat liver disorders, headaches and stomachaches.
Afghanistan is the only country in the world where you can find Pomegranate trees. These are very special fruits which are grown in different parts of Afghanistan but they are mostly found in Kabul, Kandahar and Herat province.
Scientific Name: Punica granatum
Species: P. granatum
Facts about Pomegranate Fruit
- Pomegranates are the official fruit and symbol of Afghanistan.
- Pomegranates are a type of fruit that has many seeds. Pomegranates are native to the Middle East, where they grow in hot and dry climates.
- It takes about 70 days for fruits to ripen on trees after flowering
- Pomegranates do not contain cholesterol or saturated fats and can be stored up to 2 months in a refrigerator.
- They are classified as super fruits because they contain antioxidants, B vitamins and other minerals.
- Pomegranates grown in the United States are typically in season from September to December; they do not grow in cold climates like other fruits.
- Pomegranates have very little flavor on their own but taste great when added to dishes such as salads or desserts.
Why is Pomegranate the national fruit of Afghanistan?
Pomegranate is the national fruit of Afghanistan because it is the only fruit native to the country. Pomegranates were introduced to Afghanistan by the Arabs during the 7th century. The first pomegranate tree was planted in Kabul in 1303 AD by Amir Abdul Rahman Khan. After his death, his son Shamsuddin Ahmad Khan continued planting and cultivating pomegranates in Kabul.