What is the National Tree of Qatar?

National tree of Qatar

Sidr – Qatar national tree

The Sidr tree (Ziziphus spina-Christi) is the national tree of Qatar. It grows in the deserts of Qatar, providing fruit, flowers and leaves that nourish and heal. Its roots reach deep into the earth, providing a beacon of comfort in the harsh desert environment.

The Sidra tree has been a source of life for generations of people living in Qatar. In addition to its practical purposes as a food source and shelter, it provided shade and shelter to travelers and scholars who would escape the desert heat to gather together and share knowledge.

Physical Description

The sidr tree (Ziziphus spina-christi) is a sturdy and deep-rooted tree that has withstood floods in the city of Ma’arib, Yemen. The tree belongs to the family Rhamnaceae. The average size of a sidr tree is 7-8 meters high. Its branches are soft and gray-yellowish, while its flowers and round fruits are yellow in color, turning reddish when ripe.


Sidr trees can be found growing in coastal, desert, and semi-desert areas around the world. They grow extensively in the eastern part of Qatar, Yemen and Saudi Arabia.

Where Sidra tree Grow?

Sidra trees prefer warm climates, with hot summers and mild winters. These trees will only thrive in areas where there are plenty of hours of sunshine each day—between 6-8 hours per day is ideal! If you live in an area where these conditions exist, you can grow your own Sidra tree at home!

Why is Sidra Tree the national tree of Qatar?

  • 1. It grows in abundance in the country and is considered a symbol of the country
  • 2. It is a symbol of peace, love and harmony among people
  • 3. The leaves are used for medicinal purposes
  • 4. The tree has many uses such as making furniture, baskets and other household items
  • 5. The Sidra tree also provides shade for people and animals to rest under during the hot summer months.
  • 6. The Sidra tree also produces fruit that can be eaten by humans and animals alike.