The national flower of Russia is chamomile its scientific name is (Anthemis Nobile) Matricaria recutita also called Matricaria chamomilla. It belongs to Asteraceae family and sub family of Matricaria
As Asteraceae family Members of these aromatic plants has white daisy like flowers and fragrant resemblances with apples or pineapple. Actually, the word “chamomile” is derived from the Greek word kamai which means “on the ground” and melon which means apple. Matricaria chamomilla growing period is yearly base that can grow up to 24 inches whereas the similar chamomile nobile is a perennial low growing ground cover growing no more than 10 inches high.
It is native to Europe and western Asia.The flower plant prefers full sun, light, sandy, and moist soil. Mostly found along roadsides and can become skinny .
It needs a normal amount of water and a brief cool season and thus doesn’t grow well in tropical or arid environments. Most of the flowers are currently cultivated in areas which provide these conditions such as Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria, Egypt, Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Russia.6
Harvest when the flowers are in bloom. Flowers may be picked by hand or with a “chamomile rake” which is a tool developed for this type of harvesting. The whole plant may be used, yet the flowers having a strong physiological or chemical effect.
Russian flowers needs two Soil environments depend such as for German chamomile will tolerate many soils, but prefers a sandy, well-drained soil with a pH of 7.0-7.5 and full sun.
In gardens, plants should be spaced 15–30 cm (6–12 in) apart. A flower does not require large amounts of fertilizer, but depending on soil tests, small amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium should be applied before planting.
The %age of major nutrients that German chamomile needs for growing and reproduction are:
Ca = calcium 5,000 ppm (0.5%)
S = sulfur 1,000 ppm (0.1%)
N = nitrogen 8,500 ppm (0.85%)
Mg = magnesium 2,000 ppm (0.2%)
P = phosphorus 2,000 ppm (0.2%)
K = potassium 10,000 ppm (1%)
The chamomile leaves and flowers are edible and they differ in taste. Chamomile flowers have a slight apple taste. Both can be tossed into a salad or a mug to make fresh chamomile herbal tea.
Russia national flower can be found near populated areas all over Europe and hot, warm areas of Asia, and has been widely found in temperate North America and Australia. It mostly grows near roads, around landfills, and cultivated as a strong chemical effect. Because the seeds require open soil to survive.
10 Things About chamomile: Russia National Flower you should know
- Chamomile is the native and most popular flower of Russia
- The famous Chamomile tea was used by the Romans, Greeks, and Egyptians for wound quick filling.
It has fast effective in burn wounds. This is because Matricaria chamomile
has anti- inflammatory,antimicrobial and antioxidant effects.
- It is also helpful in diabetics especially for those suffering with hyperglycemia
( patients with low blood sugar level)
- It also works as antibacterial prevent and treat colds while protecting against bacterial-related
illness and infection.
- In the form of vapor can be used to alleviate( provide physical relief) cold symptoms and asthma.
- One type of Chamomile has been used for treatment of inflammation associated with hemorrhoids
(pain caused by venous swelling at or inside the anal sphincter)when topically applied.
- There is level B evidence that German chamomile possesses anti-anxiety properties
and could be used to treat stress and insomnia
- oil made from German chamomile is used as a diffuse for aromatherapy(تیل کی مالِش) advantages;
and is also used to treat wounds and be mixed with other essential oils such as lavender and rose.
- Chemical components extract from chamomile have shown Anti-inflammatory, anti hypoglycemic,
and anticancer properties when analyzed and examined in test tubes and in animal studies.
- One research survey from England shows that drinking chamomile tea raised urine levels of glycine
(the simplest amino acid found in proteins and the principal amino acid in sugar cane),
a compound that calms muscle spasms. Researchers believe this is why chamomile tea could prove
to be an effective home remedy for menstrual(menses) cramps as well.
- Work better to Treat gastritis and ulceration colitis
- Russian flowers work fastly in healing of skin ulcers, wounds etc.
- Relax morning sickness during pregnancy
- Treatment of eye inflammation and infection .chamomile tea can be used to help soothe tired
and irritated eyes
- Recover mouth sores and prevent gum disease
Why Chamomile is the national flower of Russia
A member of the daisy family Aromatic, Fruity, Floral fragrance, is the national flower of Russia. Native to West Asia, this flower grows freely everywhere.National flower of Russia Chamomile is an old age medicinal herb known in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome.
The Chamomile flower popularity spread throughout the middle Ages when people turned to it as a remedy for numerous medical complaints including asthma, colic, fevers, inflammations, nausea, nervous complaints, children’s ailments, skin diseases and cancer. As a popular remedy, it may be thought of as the European counterpart of the Chinese tonic Ginseng (Chine palmate with palmate compound leaves and small greenish flowers and forked aromatic roots believed to have medicinal powers).
Chamomiles are native in many countries throughout Europe, and are cultivated in such countries as Germany, Egypt, France, Spain, Italy, Morocco, and parts of Eastern Europe. The various different Chamomile plants are very distinct and require their own set of conditions to grow.
With two types of chamomile. The first is Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum Nobile) and the other is German chamomile (Matricaria recutita).
The Roman variety is the true chamomile but German chamomile is used herbally for nearly the same things. The steps for growing Roman chamomile and growing German chamomile are also nearly identical.
Roman chamomile is also known as Russian chamomile .So we will focus on roman chamomile flowers because we are discussing Russian flowers .nearly all diseases and specially fatal diseases like cancer, diabetics, and asthma can be treated with chamomile different extracts which may be in the form of tea,aromatherapy,aromatherapy.
Due to large number of medical benefits, herbal uses and treating fatal diseases Russian officially declared chamomile flower as national flower of Russia country.