The National Flower of Malaysia is Hibiscus rosa-Sinensis. It belongs to Malvaceae family. Its Scientific name is Sinensis means Chinese. That’s why it is also known as Chinese hibiscus, China rose, Hawaiian hibiscus, And shoe-black plant. Because it was brought to Malaysia through early trade from its original home china around the 12th century. It is a unique and special flower for the people of Malaysia.
Malaysia National Flower is a hairy, thick and evergreen plant or small tree growing 2.5–5 m (8–16 ft) tall and 1.5–3 m (5–10 ft) wide. It has silky leaves and independent, brilliant red flowers in summer and autumn.
The 5-petaled flowers are 10 cm (4 in) in diameter, with prominent orange-tipped red contains pollen usually borne on a stalk. The flowers have both male and female organs and pollinated by insects. Malaysian flower Hibiscus trees grow good shape and could be widely used to uniform gardens. This plant absorbs unwanted gasses and keeps the air clean.
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The flowers are considered the Queen of the Tropics. Hibiscus grow widely in tropical, subtropical, and warm-temperate regions around the world.Hibiscus is a large genus of about 200-220 species of flowering plants. Many plants of this family are useful ornamentally, while some are also sources of fiber, food, and medicine.
10 Facts about Hibiscus rosa-Sinensis Flower: you should know
- Hibiscus is the native, famous and popular flower of Malaysia country.
- The flower used to make tea with a unique, delicious taste. The tea is caffeine free, also it is distinctive, vibrant, with a natural color, and is rich in Vitamin C.
- Hibiscus tea has a pleasant fragrance and is known to be a natural body refrigerant in North Africa.
- The people of Egypt believed that tea made with red hibiscus flowers and sepals could induce sexually unlimited intense desire in women. It was observed that for many centuries Egyptian women were forbidden to drink Hibiscus tea.
- The flowers are also used as food either raw or cooked. The flowers will not lose strength until evening, so they can also be used as a long-lasting food sauce or side dish.
- Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis flower helps in inducing abortion, provide treatment for a headache.
Fresh leaves are sometimes used as a spinach alternate.
- It performs good role in herbal treatment hair .The leaves and flowers are mix and beaten into a paste and poultice( Plaster)(a medical dressing consisting of a soft heated mass of meal or clay that is spread on a cloth and applied to the skin to treat inflamed areas or improve circulation etc.) onto cancerous swellings and mumps (an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands).
- The process of decoction (the extraction of water-soluble drug substances by boiling) prepare a lotion which uses in the treatment of fevers.
- The type of Malaysian flower (hibiscus tiliaceous) used in ear infection and inflammations and as laxative and lubricant in child birth .
- Malaysian (Hibiscus rosa-Sinensis) flower meaning Hibiscus rosa-Sinensis was named in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus in his class Plantarum plant. The Latin term rosa-Sinensis literally means “rose of China” though it is not originally related to the true roses comes in our common experience.
- Malaysian flowers are locally known as bunga raya. The word bunga in Malaysian language (Malay) means “flower“, while raya in Malay means “celebratory” or “splendid, impressive “. That’s why The Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is literally known as the “celebratory flower” in Malay.
- The red of the petals symbolizes the courage, life, and rapid growth of the Malaysian, and the five petals represent the five Rukun Negara (Malaysian declaration of national philosophy instituted by royal proclamation on Merdeka Day) of Malaysia. The flower can be found imprinted on the notes and coins of the Malaysian ringgit.
Why is Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis the National flower of Malaysia ?
Flowers always make people healthy, thinking and mode happier they are the sunshine, food and medicine and provide relaxation to the soul.
Getting independence in 1957, the nation needed a national flower to symbolize her identity. In 1958, the Ministry of Agriculture sought proposals for a national flower from all state governments. Seven flowers were proposed. They were the rose, ylang-ylang, jasmine, lotus, hibiscus, frangipani and Bunga Tanjung.
The people in the east seashore or bank states of the country preferred the rose, while those in the west coast were partial towards the jasmine. In 1960, after long and careful judgment the ministry selected the hibiscus Rosa Sinensis.
The main reason of selection of it over the other flowers was its eye-catching,bigger-sized red petals. Another reason of Rosa-Sinensis Malaysia national flower is that it is found abundantly throughout the country.
It is highly appreciated it blooms throughout the year and the plant requires little maintenance that’s why it get more popularity among the people of Malaysia.
Hibiscus Flower is also commonly found in the rural areas where the plant functions as hedge fencing (a fence formed by a row of closely planted shrubs or bushes) for houses.
Since then, the hibiscus has inspired the logos for several events, such as the Kuala Lumpur 98 XVI Commonwealth Games and Visit Malaysia Year 2007. Malaysian ringgit and different coins.
It is also the logo for Tourism Malaysia. Due to its generous availability, popularity and official declaration in 1960 it becomes the national flower of Malaysia country.